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Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_Page::start_lvl() should be compatible with Walker::start_lvl(&$output) in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/classes.php on line 594

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_Page::end_lvl() should be compatible with Walker::end_lvl(&$output) in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/classes.php on line 594

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_Page::start_el() should be compatible with Walker::start_el(&$output) in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/classes.php on line 594

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_Page::end_el() should be compatible with Walker::end_el(&$output) in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/classes.php on line 594

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_PageDropdown::start_el() should be compatible with Walker::start_el(&$output) in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/classes.php on line 611

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_Category::start_lvl() should be compatible with Walker::start_lvl(&$output) in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/classes.php on line 705

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_Category::end_lvl() should be compatible with Walker::end_lvl(&$output) in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/classes.php on line 705

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_Category::start_el() should be compatible with Walker::start_el(&$output) in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/classes.php on line 705

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_Category::end_el() should be compatible with Walker::end_el(&$output) in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/classes.php on line 705

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_CategoryDropdown::start_el() should be compatible with Walker::start_el(&$output) in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/classes.php on line 728

Strict Standards: Redefining already defined constructor for class wpdb in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/wp-db.php on line 306

Deprecated: Assigning the return value of new by reference is deprecated in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/cache.php on line 103

Strict Standards: Redefining already defined constructor for class WP_Object_Cache in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/cache.php on line 425

Deprecated: Assigning the return value of new by reference is deprecated in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/query.php on line 21

Deprecated: Assigning the return value of new by reference is deprecated in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/theme.php on line 623

Strict Standards: Redefining already defined constructor for class WP_Dependencies in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/class.wp-dependencies.php on line 15

Strict Standards: Non-static method AJAX_Calendar::get() should not be called statically in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-content/plugins/ajax-calendar2/ajax-calendar.php on line 101

Strict Standards: Declaration of AVH_Walker_Category_Checklist::start_lvl() should be compatible with Walker::start_lvl(&$output) in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-content/plugins/extended-categories-widget/widget_extended_categories.php on line 334

Strict Standards: Declaration of AVH_Walker_Category_Checklist::end_lvl() should be compatible with Walker::end_lvl(&$output) in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-content/plugins/extended-categories-widget/widget_extended_categories.php on line 334

Strict Standards: Declaration of AVH_Walker_Category_Checklist::start_el() should be compatible with Walker::start_el(&$output) in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-content/plugins/extended-categories-widget/widget_extended_categories.php on line 334

Strict Standards: Declaration of AVH_Walker_Category_Checklist::end_el() should be compatible with Walker::end_el(&$output) in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-content/plugins/extended-categories-widget/widget_extended_categories.php on line 334

Strict Standards: call_user_func_array() expects parameter 1 to be a valid callback, non-static method GoogleSitemapGeneratorLoader::Enable() should not be called statically in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/plugin.php on line 311
 Ecohabitar
Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 947

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/kses.php on line 948


Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/functions.php on line 41

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/functions.php on line 50

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/functions.php on line 52

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/functions.php on line 54

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/functions.php on line 55

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/functions.php on line 41

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/functions.php on line 50

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/functions.php on line 52

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/functions.php on line 54

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/functions.php on line 55

Loteamentos: projetando para o terreno

Publicado por ecohabitar a
Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/functions.php on line 41

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/functions.php on line 50

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/functions.php on line 52

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/functions.php on line 54

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/functions.php on line 55
October 15, 2011 em Design Inteligente, Preservação Ambiental | 3 Comentários


Warning: strtotime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/storage/d/87/99/ecohabitararquitetur/public_html/blog/wp-includes/link-template.php on line 73

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Em um artigo publicado na PINIweb, o geólogo Álvaro Rodrigues dos Santos apresenta uma série de recomendações práticas e cuidados técnicos que deverão ser seguidos no planejamento de loteamentos para evitar os processos erosivos. Seguem alguns excertos, em itálico:

É natural que, no crescimento das cidades, sejam primeiramente ocupadas as áreas de topografia mais suave, sendo com o tempo progressivamente ocupados os terrenos mais periféricos, de relevo mais acidentado e com solos normalmente mais vulneráveis à erosão. Opta-se, nessas novas condições topográficas, em todos os padrões sociais de empreendimentos, por produzir artificialmente, através de operações de terraplenagem pontuais ou generalizadas, áreas planas e suaves para assentar as novas edificações, o que implica em exposições cada vez maiores e mais prolongadas dos solos aos processos erosivos.

Para se ter uma ideia desse caos geotécnico, na Região Metropolitana de São Paulo a perda média de solos por erosão está estimada em algo próximo a 13,5 m³ por hectare/ano, do que decorre a produção anual por erosão de até 8.100.000 m³/ano de sedimentos e sua decorrente liberação para o assoreamento da rede de drenagem natural e construída.(…)

Para além dos motivos expostos, que se prendem com a crescente impermeabilização dos solos, causa principal das enchentes urbanas, associados ao alto grau de assoreamento provocado pelo volumoso aporte de sedimentos, entulhos gerais e lixo urbano, existem motivos mais “egoístas” que podem convencer o empreendedor mais reticente a repensar os seus hábitos construtivos:

(…) os solos superficiais (em nosso clima com 2 metros de profundidade em média), por serem geologicamente mais argilosos e pela cimentação de seus grãos por diversos tipos de óxidos, são muitíssimo mais resistentes à erosão do que os solos saprolíticos inferiores. O ideal, portanto, é não se retirar essa camada superficial de solo; (…) Além de mais resistentes à erosão, os solos superficiais têm melhores características geotécnicas e são mais férteis. Além disso, acrescentamos nós, são mais firmes e consolidados, pelo que requerem um menor investimento em fundações e estrutura que os solos inferiores.

Do mesmo modo, se em terrenos com declividade acentuada se planejar lotes com a maior dimensão paralela às curvas de nível e estimular que as habitações tenham a parte frontal apoiada sobre pilotis (ou expedientes equivalentes), assim evitando encaixes profundos na encosta, a economia conseguida não só em fundações mas também em terraplanagem será considerável.

Em resumo, Do ponto de vista preventivo, é imperioso que a arquitetura e a engenharia brasileiras abandonem o preguiçoso cacoete de adequar o terreno aos seus projetos de prancheta ao invés de adequar seus projetos às características geológicas e topográficas do terreno. Ou seja, deixar de “fabricar”, via intensas e extensas terraplenagens, as áreas planas que seus burocráticos projetos exigem. Os serviços de terraplenagem serão dispensáveis, ou ao menos em muito reduzidos, caso os projetos criativamente se adaptem às condições naturais dos terrenos onde serão implantados. Ganha o empreendimento, ganha a estética, ganha o ambiente.

o artigo completo do geólogo Álvaro Rodrigues dos Santos poderá ser lido aqui, juntamente com outros 3 sobre o tema genérico das enchentes e sua prevenção.


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Eficiência energética no setor residencial: desafios para os setores público e privado

Publicado por ecohabitar a
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August 31, 2011 em Eficiência Energética | Seja o primeiro a comentar


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In Revista Téchne

O Brasil vive um marco em sua história econômica que tem reflexos diretos sobre o mercado da construção civil. Nas duas últimas décadas, o País superou a hiperinflação e experimenta hoje certa estabilidade da moeda. A conjuntura econômica, a definição da Política Nacional de Habitação (PNH), que atualizou o sistema financeiro para habitação no País, e a aprovação de leis que regulamentaram o setor são algumas das razões que explicam o crescimento, nos últimos anos, da construção civil, principalmente nos segmentos voltados para a baixa renda.

O relatório “Brasil sustentável: potencialidades do mercado habitacional” (FGV et ali, 2008) projeta um significativo crescimento para o setor até 2030. O cenário mais conservador estima a produção de 37 milhões de unidades habitacionais. A figura 1, ao lado, mostra a previsão de crescimento para o setor.

Em média, a cada ano no Brasil será construído um número de domicílios equivalente a quase duas cidades do porte de Belo Horizonte, que de acordo com o Censo 2010 (IBGE, 2010) possui 846.433 domicílios particulares. Ao final do período analisado, estima-se um aumento de aproximadamente 55% no número de domicílios em relação a 2010. Esse crescimento deverá ter repercussões importantes sobre a questão energética nacional, não apenas devido à elevação do número de unidades habitacionais. De acordo com a Agência Internacional de Energia (2006), o crescimento econômico previsto para o País provocará uma significativa elevação do consumo per capita de energia no setor residencial.

Diante deste quadro, este artigo se propõe a discutir a questão da eficiência energética no setor residencial. A discussão tem como foco evidenciar alguns desafios que precisam ser superados tanto pela esfera pública como pelo setor privado e apontar algumas estratégias para transpor as barreiras técnicas e regulatórias visando à melhoria do desempenho energético das edificações. Pretende-se objetivamente chamar a atenção dos empresários da construção civil sobre o impacto que seus produtos podem ter sobre a política energética brasileira.

ler o artigo completo aqui


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Rede Estúpida

Publicado por ecohabitar a
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July 27, 2011 em Design Inteligente, Eficiência Energética, Opinião | Leia o primeiro comentário


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Na rotina contemporânea existem muito poucos itens que consumimos todos dias e que deixamos para acertar no final do mês. Água encanada e eletricidade fazem parte desse seleto clube. Uma das implicações desse fato é que, relativamente a esses dois itens essenciais, não temos a menor ideia do que efetivamente estamos pagando quando o consumo de um mês inteiro de diversos aparelhos elétricos, lâmpadas, chuveiros, geladeiras, micro-ondas, etc. vem embolado em uma mesma conta. Para o cidadão comum, esta situação, de tão corriqueira, não causa espanto.

No entanto este é um cenário semelhante a passarmos todos os dias no supermercado, levar tudo o que temos vontade e no final do mês chegar a conta com o total, sem qualquer distinção entre sabão e arroz, leite e papel higienico, feijão e lâmpadas elétricas. Como reagiriamos?

É de fato inacreditável que na época que nos disponibiliza de forna tão acessível a fibra ótica, carros (e celulares!) equipados com GPS, Google Street View, etc., as concessionárias de eletricidade ainda ofereçam o mesmo serviço de há mais de 50 anos. Os mesmos postes, com o mesmo emaranhado de fios, os mesmos problemas com galhos de árvores (e vento, e chuva), os mesmos funcionários que vão medir no reloginho o consumo mensal. Tem mais: quando há uma queda de energia as concessionárias apenas tomam conhecimento do fato através dos telefonemas dos seus clientes irados e para identificar o lugar exato do problema é necessário que um funcionário da empresa saia de carro e ir procurando, ao longo de toda a extensão da linha.

Comparemos esta situação com o setor de telefonia e vejamos a evolução de um e de outro no tal espaço de 50 anos. Vivemos em um país em que os problemas do setor elétrico ainda se prendem com explosões de bueiros da Light no Rio e apagões generalizados cada vez que chove ou venta e as concessionárias, impávidos colossos, perante tal cenário, continuam deitadas eternamente em berço esplêndido. As smart grids (redes inteligentes) são uma miragem distante e representam despesa indesejada para empresas míopes e acomodadas nos seus monopólios. As redes distribuidoras aqui seguem estúpidas.


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Prejuízo Líquido

Publicado por ecohabitar a
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June 8, 2011 em Uso Racional da Água | Leia o primeiro comentário


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in Folha de S. Paulo

TROCAR A VELHA DESCARGA E O CHUVEIRO GASTÃO PODE FAZER A CONTA DE ÁGUA DESPENCAR

EDUARDO GERAQUE

DE SÃO PAULO

Na próxima vez que você entrar no banheiro de sua casa, olhe o vaso sanitário. Se ele for equipado com a velha válvula de parede, o equipamento estará fazendo mal tanto para o ambiente quanto para o seu bolso. Durante um mês, os disparos dos botões da descarga podem representar 30% do consumo de uma casa.

“Esse é um ponto importante a ser atacado. Existem tecnologias no mercado que não custam mais caro que as tradicionais, e podem atenuar o problema”, diz Martha Nader, arquiteta especializada em sustentabilidade.

Uma válvula de parede joga esgoto abaixo com dois litros de água/segundo. Em dez segundos são 20 litros. Se cada membro de uma família de quatro pessoas for duas vezes ao banheiro por dia, em um mês, serão gastos, apenas com a descarga, 4,8 mil litros de água.

“Hoje, com as caixas acopladas de duplo acionamento [para urina e fezes], de três e seis litros, a economia pode ser brutal”, diz Nader. No exemplo da típica família brasileira, apenas com a água usada no vaso sanitário, a troca de descarga poderia gerar uma redução de 80% no consumo de água.

Para não sair do banheiro, o chuveiro é o segundo item que precisa ser avaliado. Em todas as lojas especializadas existem equipamentos baratos, chamados de redutores de vazão, que contribuem para baixar o consumo de água. Quem toma banho simplesmente, não percebe grande diferença, talvez apenas melhora na pressão da ducha. Mas quem paga a conta de água, certamente vai adorar a mudança.

Estimativas feitas pela Sabesp mostram que a redução no consumo de água de uma casa pode variar de 32% a 62% no final de um mês. Somadas, a água usada na descarga e no banho podem representar 50% da conta de uma residência tradicional.

FIM DO PINGA-PINGA

Você trocou as descargas e os chuveiros por equipamentos menos perdulários. A reforma contemplou ainda torneiras mais econômicas e uma nova máquina de lavar -alguns modelos lavam cinco quilos de roupa com mais de 100 litros de água. Um exagero, dizem os técnicos.

Mesmo assim, ainda há o que fazer para poupar água. Numa cidade como São Paulo, onde chove muito no verão, um projeto para captar e reutilizar a água da chuva, por exemplo, poderia reduzir ainda mais o consumo. “Nosso índice pluviométrico é alto. De dezembro a março é perfeitamente viável montar um sistema para não gastar um centavo com água para descargas”, diz Nader.

Ainda resta outra ação factível: uma boa revisão nos banheiros e na cozinha acaba com o famoso pinga-pinga das torneiras e baixa o consumo em mais 15%.

50%
Da conta de água de sua casa correspondem ao banho da família e à quantidade de descargas dadas durante o mês


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CBCS, Telhados Brancos e Arborização Urbana

Publicado por ecohabitar a
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May 30, 2011 em Atualidades, Design Inteligente, Materiais Ecológicos | 3 Comentários


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Aqui em nosso blog gostamos de divulgar os resultados de pesquisas e estudos publicados sobre os temas de que aqui tratamos. Como a grande maioria desses trabalhos são produzidos nos EUA o seu objeto de análise é, logicamente, o mercado norte-americano pelo que temos normalmente que tentar perceber em que medida é que os resultados obtidos se aplicam à nossa realidade. Porém, esse processo “adaptativo” das conclusões de estudos e pesquisas direcionados a outras latitudes trazem por vezes consequências imprevistas.

O caso mais comentado deste tipo de situação é o dos selos certificadores das construções, objeto de críticas por se limitarem a “adaptar” ao Brasil complexos sistema de avaliações concebidos em sua origem para realidades climáticas, de mercado e de materiais muito diversas da(s) nossa(s).

Um outro exemplo de iniciativa surgido nos EUA e que foi abraçada com algum estardalhaço no Brasil (ver aqui e aqui nossa pequena contribuição para o estardalhaço) foi a campanha One Degree Less | Um Grau a Menos desenvolvida pelo Green Building Council, mais conheciddo por ser a entidade criadora do selo LEED de certificação de edifícios. A campanha defende a adoção de pintura branca para a cobertura de edifícios como forma de esfriar a temperatura em seu interior, economizando energia com refrigeração, mas também minimizando as ilhas de calor dos centros urbanos. Sinal do sucesso da campanha, um projeto de lei proposto pelo vereador Antonio Goulart (PMDB) para tornar compulsória a adoção de telhados brancos na cidade de São Paulo foi aprovado em primeira votação na Câmara Municipal no fim de 2010.

A propósito do tema, o Comitê Técnico de Materiais do CBCS divulgou uma nota sugerindo cautela no uso de materiais refletivos em coberturas e recomendando, em alternativa, o uso de vegetação em telhados, fachadas e ruas, pelo efeito de sombreamento e evapotranspiração que proporcionam e que tem o mesmo potencial de reduzir a carga térmica dos edifícios e as ilhas de calor, além de reter a água de chuva, colaborando para a redução de enchentes, e para aumentar a biodiversidade.

Lendo a integra da nota, é fácil entender que um telhado branco em um clima quente e úmido deixará rapidamente de ser branco já que o clima é o principal fator na colonização por fungos e outros microrganismos com pigmentos escuros. Dito de outro modo, não dá simplemente para fazer copy/paste das práticas de terceiros nem canibalizar o trabalho de pesquisa de outros. Diversas universidades brasileiras têm desenvolvido trabalhos nesta área, adaptados a nossas latitudes, e o próprio CBCS é um ótimo exemplo da excelência das capacidades nacionais em achar soluções sustentáveis locais para o setor da construção. Vamos então aplicá-las!

com informações de PINIweb


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Lacuna Verde

Publicado por ecohabitar a
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April 29, 2011 em Eficiência Energética, Opinião | Seja o primeiro a comentar


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A OgilvyEarth é uma empresa de consultoria em sustentabilidade que atua sobretudo nos mercados norte-americano e chinês. Pesquisando sobre os hábitos do consumidor médio publicou recentemente um estudo denominado Mainstream Green em que identificou o que chamou de “Lacuna Verde” (Green Gap) que mais não é do que a diferença entre as intenções e as ações efetivas dos consumidores no que respeita a consumo e práticas sustentáveis.  No caso dos norte-americanos, a OgilvyEarth avança com os seguinte números: 82% declaram boas intenções “verdes” mas apenas 16% as coloca em prática. Os restantes 66% constituem o “Middle Green,” (o “Centrão Verde”) que quer fazer mais mas acaba não fazendo. É esta imensa maioria silenciosa que constitui o objeto de estudo da segunda parte do documento onde se procuram explicações para essa Lacuna Verde e se propõem algumas soluções para a reduzir. Vale a pena prestar atenção até porque quase todas caem como uma luva no mercado brasileiro. Comecemos pelas razões que causam a lacuna:

  • O tema ainda é visto como um nicho para pelo menos 50% dos americanos que consideram o assunto coisa de hippies ou de elites ¹;
  • O preço é o principal obstáculo e os consumidores acabam não aceitando pagar o extra (a “taxa da sustentabilidade“) por um produto “verde” se o desempenho for o mesmo do produto tradicional;
  • A culpabilização muitas vezes utilizada por marketeiros da sustentabilidade para convencer o consumidor acaba funcionando ao contrário: à medida que aumenta a pressão da culpa o cidadão refugia-se no conforto da ignorância e fecha-se para o tema;
  • O assunto é visto como mais feminino do que masculino para 82% dos inquiridos o que leva alguns homens a evitar tomar algumas atitudes que possam ser consideradas pouco masculinas;
  • As marcas tradicionais são preferidas por 73% dos americanos, tornando difícil a entrada no mercado de empresas inovadoras com preocupações ambientais;
  • o tema do Carbono (créditos, mercado, pegada, etc.) apresenta-se muito confuso para 82% dos americanos que não têm a menor idéia de como se calcula a sua “pegada”.

Com estes resultados em mãos o estudo da OgilvyEarth propõe em seguida algumas medidas que considera úteis para que o tema deixe de ser marginal e as atitudes sustentáveis passem a ser padrão. Segundo a consultoria, será esse o caminho a trilhar por todos aqueles interessados em reduzir a Lacuna.

  • Tirar o assunto de nichos e torná-lo normal, dirigido a pessoas normais, fará com que ele se torne um movimento de massas (um bom primeiro passo é acabar com o gueto das seções “verde” ou “sustentabilidade” dos jornais e revistas);
  • Tornar o assunto pessoal, mostrar a sua aplicabilidade prática no dia-a-dia das pessoas contribuirá para a sua familiarização com o público e, portanto, para um maior conhecimento e aceitação. Os ursos polares são importantes mas moram lá longe no Ártico.
  • Atualmente o ônus da escolha é de quem opta pelo “verde”. Se mudarmos o padrão e o “normal” passar a ser sustentável, os consumidores não precisarão da atual atitude assertiva que faz com que muitos se omitam (o exemplo das sacolas plásticas é bem ilustrativo deste ponto);
  • Eliminar a “taxa de sustentabilidade” e acabar com a penalização para quem toma boas atitudes. Produtos caros, verdes ou não, afugentam o público. A grande maioria dos consumidores compra com a calculadora na mão;
  • “Corromper” o consumidor consciente com ofertas, descontos ou programas de pontos é uma estratégia válida e que sempre dá bons resultados;
  • A punição para atitudes “incorretas” deverá ser feita com extremo cuidado. Alguns agentes têm exagerado na dose e na frequência da culpabilização e das penas, o que tem levado a resultados perversos;
  • Apostar na excelência do desempenho, na inovação e na alta tecnologia dos produtos “verdes” contribuirá para a sua popularização;
  • A terminologia “verde”, “sustentável”, “ecológico”, etc. não precisa ser tão onipresente. O seu abuso criou um estigma e afasta o consumidor médio que a associa a grupos sociais muito específicos;
  • Tornar o tema mais “amistoso” para os homens eliminará a resistência que ainda subsiste em parte da metade masculina do mercado consumidor;
  • Desmistificar o assunto e torná-lo fácil de entender para o grande público é condição essencial para que ele se generalize. Explicações complicadas sobre pegada de carbono só vão gastar pilha de controle remoto;
  • Transparência, verdade e simplicidade funcionarão muito melhor do que uma imensa profusão de selos e certificações cuja maior contribuição, até agora, foi a de fomentar a confusão e a desconfiança com que o grande público olha o assunto;
  • O discurso altruísta e virtuoso incomoda e chateia o seu público-alvo. A mudança virá através de palavras e ações cativantes e agradáveis.

¹ Leia o que escrevemos sobre o assunto em “Nem Flintstones nem Jetsons

adaptado de Jetson Green


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Eduardo Souto de Moura: O local para o arquiteto é uma ferramenta

Publicado por ecohabitar a
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March 30, 2011 em Atualidades, Projetos | Seja o primeiro a comentar


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A propósito da atribuição do Pritzker a Eduardo Souto de Moura, a PINIweb recupera uma entrevista que o arquiteto português concedeu à revista AU em dezembro de 2005. Publicamos alguns excertos em que Souto de Moura fala sobre o seu processo de projetar, estética vs função, arquitetura e natureza e Niemeyer.

Como é seu processo de projetar?
Varia conforme o programa. Geralmente são programas que conheço bem. Fiz muitas casas. Falo com o cliente para explicar bem, vou várias vezes ao sítio, mas não pretendo que o sítio me diga algo. Posso ter uma idéia desajustada, mas depois consigo ajustá-la. A solução nunca está no sítio, está em mim. Faço os primeiros desenhos e sempre faço maquete. Hoje é mais fácil, as fotos são feitas em digital e eu desenho por cima e testo nas maquetes as proporções. Depois faço um sistema de cruzamento de informações das primeiras idéias com as formas das maquetes. Muito cedo começo a trabalhar com os engenheiros para saber a viabilidade física e se a solução não é contra natura. Muitas vezes altero o projeto na própria obra. Por mais que os arquitetos tentem resolver os problemas há um que não conseguem: a escala, porque é de ordem subjetiva. Há um conjunto de fatores a serem analisados, o que a pessoa precisa e qual o seu território. Tem que se alternar a subjetividade com a objetividade até dizer: está lá. É um processo sinuoso. As primeiras idéias são rápidas, levo um fim de semana para projetar uma casa. Depois demora quatro, cinco anos para ela aparecer. Não penso em estética. Quem pensa em estética não chega lá. Estética é uma predisposição, um conjunto de problemas que não foram resolvidos. Se o poeta tem necessidade de escrever um poema, ele escreve. O arquiteto não pode dizer “vou fazer uma casa integrada na paisagem”. Ele tem que fazer uma construção muito friamente para resolver um problema. Se a disposição que ele usou ultrapassa o fenômeno do programa e da função, então surge a estética. A estética nunca é um ato voluntário.

Muitos arquitetos privilegiam a estética em detrimento da função…
Um professor meu que trabalhou com Niemeyer gostava de repetir uma frase dele: “a arquitetura tem que ser bela, se funcionar, melhor”. O fato é que isso não é verdade. Em qualquer croqui de Niemeyer a estrutura já está pronta. Cabe ao engenheiro direcioná-la. Portanto, a preocupação maior de Niemeyer não é a estética, ela é o suporte para que sua idéia exista. Quando ele desenha uma pessoa ao lado, já tem a escala.

O senhor tem uma relação de liberdade com a natureza. Costuma dizer que o “local é aquilo que você quer que ele seja”. Como se dá essa tensão entre a arquitetura e a natureza?
O lugar é uma construção mental. Fisicamente ele não interessa. É como uma pintura, uma natureza morta. Na medida em que eu giro a casa porque acho a vista para a montanha mais bonita, estou a construir o sítio. A montanha está entrando na construção da casa. Tenho que entender as ausências de energia no local. A construção do projeto é a construção de algo positivo. O objetivo é parecer que, no fim, o objeto está ali e não poderia deixar de estar ali. Se tirar, o sítio poderia ficar pior. O local para o arquiteto é um instrumento, uma ferramenta.

(…)

No caso do Estádio de Braga, o senhor mudou a implantação sugerida.
Entendi que ficava bem naquele morro. O monte precisava ser preenchido. Construí o monte de uma maneira diferente, cortei-o na forma de um estádio. Foi muito caro tirar a pedra. Fui criticado politicamente, economicamente e ecologicamente: ”na natureza não se toca”. A natureza só me interessa quando é operada pelo homem. Uma paisagem virgem não me comove. Posso até achá-la bonita. Há um poema de Herberto Helder, que nunca deve ter ouvido falar em Mies (van der Rohe), que diz “trabalhar na transformação, na transmutação, é obra nossa”.

in PINIweb

entrevista completa aqui